Keto Diet: Learn About Ketogenic Diet Types & Use in Obesity

Keto Diet: Learn About Ketogenic Diet Types & Use in Obesity


Ketogenic diet is also known as keto
diet Keto in ketogenic signifies ketones and genic signifies Genesis or
production classically ketogenic diet has been used for the treatment of
epilepsy in the patients but recently ketogenic diet has been successfully
tried in the treatment of obesity there are four types of ketogenic diets
classic ketogenic diet has 90% fats 4% carbohydrates and 6% proteins medium
chain triglyceride ketogenic diet has 70% fats including 60% medium chain
triglyceride fats and long chain triglyceride fats along with this there
is 20% carbohydrates and 10% proteins modified Atkins diet has 65% fat 10%
carbohydrates and 25% proteins and lastly low glycemic index ketogenic diet
had 60% fat 10% carbohydrates and 30% proteins for an average 2,000
kilocalories diet a very low carbohydrates ketogenic diet as
carbohydrate content of only 50 grams per day or 10 percent of total energy
intake per day whereas in low carbohydrates ketogenic diet
carbohydrate content is 130 grams per day or 26% of total energy intake per
day treatment of obesity could be done either by reducing energy intake by diet
medicines or bariatric surgery or by increasing energy output by doing
exercise or non exercise movements traditional dietary treatment of obesity
has low fat and high carbohydrate content which might not be effective as
obese people prefer highly processed foods containing simple sugars rather
than complex or raw carbohydrates low-fat diet could actually encourage
the consumption of sugars and refined carbohydrates that can worsen weight
problems and increase abnormal lipid levels especially an insulin resistant
individuals mechanism by which ketogenic diets act is by inducing a metabolic
conditions named physiological ketosis main energy source of brain normally as
glucose as brain cannot use fatty acids for energy production but in fasting or
ketogenic diet state there is very low carbohydrates in physiological levels so
Brain needs alternate source of energy this leads to ketogenesis and liver
producing ketone bodies normal blood levels of ketone bodies is 0.1 in
ketogenic diets they reach a maximum of 7 to 8 and in condition called diabetic
ketoacidosis it is more than 25 there are many theories on how ketogenic diets
works in the body some of the theories are reduction in appetite due to higher
satiety effect of proteins effects on appetite control hormones direct
appetite suppressant action of the ketone bodies reduction in lipid
production and increased destruction of lipids greater metabolic efficiency in
consuming fats increased metabolic costs of formation of new glucose in the body
and the thermic effect of proteins apart from weight loss there are
additional benefits of ketogenic diet like reduction in blood glucose and
glycosylated hemoglobin levels reduced total cholesterol in blood triglycerides
and increased HDL cholesterol and reduced need of diabetes medicine
acetone which is a ketone body is very volatile and is removed from the body by
lungs this leads to fruity breath this fruity breath is a normal phenomenon
which could occur when fasting when on low carbohydrate diet like ketogenic
diet and after exercise very low carbohydrate diet compared to
low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet leads to greater reduction in body weight
triglycerides and diastolic blood pressure also it leads to greater rise
in LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol side effects of ketogenic diet could be
nausea and vomiting reduced blood glucose lethargy
constipation weight loss mineral and vitamin deficiency inflammation of the
pancreas kidney stones short stature bone loss and abnormal blood lipids as
there is no research which has been done to show long-term effects of ketogenic
diet with present scientific evidence ketogenic diet can be used safely for a
limited period of three weeks to few months
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