Gastric Bypass Open Surgery

Gastric Bypass Open Surgery


Your doctor has recommended that you undergo
gastric bypass surgery. But what exactly does that mean? Gastric Bypass is a surgical procedure used
to help a patient lose weight. It is usually recommended to help those who are morbidly
obese – meaning that their weight problem has become a serious health risk. Most severely overweight patients overeat. Food enters the body through the mouth, travels
down the esophagus where it collects in the stomach. From there, digested food passes into the
small intestine. Nutrients taken from the food pass from the small intestine into the
bloodstream. Waste travels to the colon and leaves the
body through the anus. The amount of food that a person eats is partly
controlled by appetite.The stomach plays an important role in controlling appetite. When
the stomach is empty, a person feels the urge to eat. When the stomach is full, that urge
goes away. Gastric bypass dramatically reduces the size
of the stomach. With a smaller stomach, the patient is physically unable to eat large
amounts of food. Gastric Bypass also shortens the small intestine so that the body absorbs
less of the food eaten. With less food entering the body, fat stores
begin to be used. The patient loses weight. So make sure that you ask your doctor to carefully explain the reasons
behind this recommendation. Your Procedure: After you are asleep, the surgical team will
make a vertical incision down the middle of your abdomen. They will gently pull back the skin to expose
the connective tissue beneath. Your doctor will then divide this tissue,
and the underlying muscle tissue to expose the abdominal cavity. Your doctor will gently lift the liver up
and to the side to reveal the stomach. Your doctor will then cut the upper portion
of the stomach from the rest of the organ. This upper portion forms a small pouch, which
is sealed with a stapling tool. The opening in the larger portion of the stomach is closed
with staples. The next step is to divide the small intestine. The main part of the intestine is pulled upward,
behind the colon and positioned near the small upper stomach pouch. The other free end of the intestine is surgically
stitched to the side of an intestinal loop. The other end is now attached to the small
stomach pouch. A new route for food passing from the esophagus into the intestines has
now been created. Finally, your doctor will check to make sure
that all the new connections are secure and that there are no leaks. The liver and other
organs are placed in their proper positions. A drain is put in place to remove any excess
fluids … Then the team closes the surgical field by joining the muscles with sutures. Then the connective tissues are closed. The
skin is sutured together and the incision is closed. Finally, a sterile dressing is applied.

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