Gastric Bypass Laparoscopic Surgery

Gastric Bypass Laparoscopic Surgery


Your doctor has recommended that you undergo
laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. But what exactly does that mean? Gastric Bypass is a surgical procedure used
to help a patient lose weight. It is usually recommended to help those who
are morbidly obese – meaning that their weight problem has become a serious health risk. Most severely overweight patients overeat.
Food enters the body through the mouth, travels down the esophagus where it collects in the
stomach. From there, digested food passes into the
small intestine. Nutrients taken from the food pass from the small intestine into the
bloodstream. Waste travels to the colon and leaves the
body through the anus. The amount of food that a person eats is partly
controlled by appetite. The stomach plays an important role in controlling appetite.
When the stomach is empty, a person feels the urge to eat. When the stomach is full,
that urge goes away. Gastric bypass dramatically reduces the size
of the stomach. Gastric Bypass also shortens the small intestine so that the body absorbs
less of the food eaten. With less food entering the body, fat stores
begin to be used. The patient loses weight. So make sure that you ask your doctor
to carefully explain the reasons behind this
recommendation. Then, when you are asleep, the surgical team
will make an incision just above the navel. A tube-shaped collar called a trocar will
be placed inside the incision to hold it open. Harmless carbon dioxide gas will be used to
inflate the abdomen, serving to enlarge the work area and to separate the organs. The team then inserts the laparoscope. Once in place, the laparoscope will provide
video images that allow the surgeon to see the inside of your abdomen. Next, the team makes four more incisions – taking
special care to keep the openings as small as possible. These openings will provide access
for other surgical instruments. Using these instruments your doctor will then
cut the upper portion of the stomach from the rest of the organ This upper portion forms a small pouch which
is sealed with a stapling tool. The opening in the larger portion of the stomach is closed
with staples. The next step is to divide the small intestine. The main part of the intestine is pulled upward,
behind the colon and positioned near the small upper stomach pouch. The other free end of the intestine is surgically
stitched to the side of an intestinal loop. The other end is now attached to the small
stomach pouch. A new route for food passing from the esophagus into the intestines has
now been created. Finally, your doctor will check to make sure
that all the new connections are secure and that there are no leaks. A drain is added to remove any excess fluids
and the carbon dioxide is allowed to escape. Then the team withdraws all surgical instruments
and the incisions are closed with sutures or staples. Finally, a sterile dressing is applied.

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