Diabetes Epidemic: Part 1

Diabetes Epidemic: Part 1

I think that Type Two Diabetes is
an absolute catastrophe worldwide. This is probably the “greatest
health catastrophe” of the century. Our food environment
is setting us up to fail. As a problem that, we,
as society are grappling with and particularly for children
coming through. We are just not doing it with any
sense of urgency whatsoever. 40 years ago, Type Two Diabetes
was almost unheard of. Today, almost a quarter of a million
New Zealander’s live with it and that is not including the
one hundred thousand more that have it and do not know it. Yet, Type Two Diabetes is
entirely preventable. We are all supposed to have control
over what we put in our mouths. So, what has happened
to us so quickly? Brian Kairua loved his job
as a Youth Social Worker, but last year, Type Two Diabetes
forced him into early retirement. Now that I am at end
stage renal failure, you cannot help but
want to kick yourself for not listening to the professionals
and being too stubborn. Pretty much devastated my body
because of all the poor choices I made. Five years ago, Brian was
given ten years to live. You do not think about Diabetes
when you first get it. I seldom went to doctors appointments
that I was supposed to go to. I never took any medication. I am less than half of the
guy that I use to be now that I’m in a wheelchair. And now I have lots of regrets. Five weeks ago, I was
admitted into hospital because I had a hypoglycemic episode. I just about “went” for good. You get lots of bugs when
you are on dialysis. So I had a bug in my blood and that bug had settled into
this infection in my hip. And as a consequence
I could not walk anymore. They got that under control
and it came right. Then unfortunately, and they
looked at one of my toes and they said, “That toe
needs to go.” I heard that when you have poor
diabetes you can have amputations but I did not think that
my toe was that bad. I said, “Nah its all good
mate it will come right.” It is an “out of it” disease
because it seems like people do not take too seriously. I did not even know what diabetes
was when he was diagnosed. Type Two Diabetes will cut
ten years off your life, number one cause of amputation
beyond car accidents, number one cause of
preventable blindness, number one cause of
impotence in men, number one cause of kidney failure,
dementia, doubles your risk, doubles your risk of heart disease. This is not a benign disease. So, how do people get
Type Two Diabetes? Years of high blood sugar or glucose
stops insulin from doing its job. And insulin is the magical hormone that allows the body to turn
glucose into energy. We get most of our glucose
from carbohydrates, especially sugar. And we are consuming well above
the recommended limits. The reality is we only need
about a teaspoon of sugar to maintain our blood
sugar at the right level, the rest gets stored in
our muscles and liver. But the problem is because
we eat too much of it, it goes to the liver and it
gets converted into fat. There is a complex way
in which being fat, particularly the fat you cannot see,
the fat in your liver, the fat inside your tummy, and
the fat in your muscles, means that insulin does
not work properly. And it is that that ultimately
leads to Type Two Diabetes. The epidemic of Type Two Diabetes threatens to overwhelm the
New Zealand health system. So Diabetes New Zealand
is out in the community to help diagnose it
before it is too late. (Man) Better to heed the
warning now than later eh? (Lady) That’s right, very good. People think because its in the family they do not have to do
anything about it. They think, oh ok, my family has
got it, I will leave it at that. And, if I get diabetes I will get it. They do not understand
that there are stages, and there are steps
that they can take to lower their risk of
developing diabetes. I know it is a pretty
severe condition that most Maori and
Pacific people suffer with. It is something that we can prevent,
I know that much about it. Ropata Adams-Walker is worried
that his unhealthy diet has put him on the
road to diabetes. How is your day going? Pretty good. I was walking past and thought I had better come and
see what this is all about, and see what my chances are. This simple blood test will reveal
if further testing is needed. While Ropata’s blood sugar levels
don’t make him diabetic yet, he is overweight and
has high blood pressure. He has been told to see a GP. I feel sorry for my family members
that are suffering with diabetes. It’s something I would like to prevent, to
be able to be around for my children. I have hit 30, so I have to do
something now or never. This is my antibiotic setup table
and all of this here is purely to combat the
infection in my hip. First I started losing my vision, then the sensation in my
lower legs, and then in my feet. Now I have kidney failure and
that is where I am at the moment. This is something I have
to do four times a day. And this it is going directly
into my artery, and rushing down
into my hip, I hope. High levels of sugar in the blood, or sugary blood going round
and round the system damages the blood vessels, both very small blood vessels like in
the eyes, the kidneys, and the feet. As well as medium size arteries
in the heart and in the brain, because these arteries,
it’s like rust is to pipes sugary blood tends to cause
little blockages in the small blood vessels
and also hemorrhages. Then in medium blood vessels
in the heart and the brain can also have blockages leading
to heart attacks and strokes. Ropata has come to his GP for a more accurate picture
of his diabetes risk. (Ropata) I fit the criteria
of a diabetic. It’s not uncommon to be diabetic
without knowing that you are. If anything there is a fear
of not knowing whether I am or not. I know it’s a silent killer
amongst our people. Your reading is 8.6 What does that mean? Readings should be between 5 and 7. A finger prick test shows
his blood sugar is high. Now he will be sent to a lab for a more accurate reading
of his glucose tolerance. About five years ago I had a
scare of becoming diabetic. So I took the precautions of joining
a membership at the gym to help try and fight back. (Doctor) Are you working
at the moment? Nah, I think that contributes a lot
towards the stress as well. You make a few lifestyle changes
then there are barriers that stop you, to allow you to get back
out in the workforce. Hence that overwhelming
feeling of stress. One door opens and before
you even get a foot in the door it gets slammed straight
in your face. On a daily basis we see lots
of patients with similar problems. Stress has become a very
common problem, and it’s one of the risk
factors for diabetes as well. You have got a family history, your weight is in the obese range,
and you have a stressful life. All of this puts you at a higher
risk of getting diabetes. What stress tends to do it causes
secretion of stress hormones, and those stress hormones
cortisol and adrenaline can actually help create
glucose in the body. Stress and guilt are the common
things that drive obesity. Guilt about being fat because no one
really wants to be fat or obese. Feeling it is their fault. And stress because you sleep badly
because your cortisol levels shoot up and that drives your blood sugars
up and then you get insanely hungry. And what you want is comforting carbs. You want chocolate and
all those lovely foods, which the food manufactures have
carefully created to satisfy those urges. Brian’s parents had diabetes,
but raising four children on his own meant that he had little time
to think about his own health. Now his kids are adults, it’s his
mokopuna he wants to be healthy for. At the very beginning dad
just did not care. He use to run around the bush,
hunting, all sorts of things, and now he is stuck in a wheelchair. So… I stopped caring when he did, I guess. And now he cares a lot but it’s too late. There were those days when doctors
told him to eat salads… but what is the point now?
Is it too far gone. I don’t care he can eat
whatever he wants. I know he is scared. Yeah. He has lost so much weight. He has always been tough. He has always tried to be “the man.” But these last couple of years,
he is actually breaking down. It’s sad that he’s not taken
the necessary precautions, earlier to prevent something
like this from happening. We always had bread and butter, you had to stretch it out because
you had four hungry kids. We were only allowed three
hot chips per sandwich. $10 worth of hot chips
that’s a lot of sandwiches. I cannot remember a single time we had
vegetables when we were young. A lot of fish and chips. It was simple diet
back in those days, potatoes, mince and bread. And always a bottle of
coke or sprite in the fridge. That was about it, meat, bread, salt… meant, bread, salt, butter… …meat, bread, salt. I’ll grab the grandchildren, feed
them all that terrible stuff that you can get diabetes from… Duh…. But they are kids, they are young,
and you think why not? But it is really cool that
they love their Pappa, and they know their
Pappa loves them. I let her have a little glass
of fizzy drink sometimes, not all of the time because
if I get caught… I get a hiding from my “Mrs”. The progression of diabetes
complications is by no means inevitable. And it is very closely linked to the
level of control that people that people have with their
blood sugar levels. I don’t think people are to blame. It’s a complex interaction between
the biology, society, the food and nutrition system we have, and the environment we live in. Our world has changed and
our biology has not changed. We are mismatched to
the modern world. While there is a tendency to
think that even in adults it’s all about voluntary
choice in behaviour. It is not as simple as that. There’s a lot of biological drivers
that are set up early in life, which are hard for people to change. Ropata has six children
and one on the way. Looking after his own health
is not a high priority. Because I have got young ones,
they are the motivation. It’s confusing, not knowing
how to diet properly, and especially when you live
on a set budget. I have got four children with
my partner now, and two to two previous
relationships. With the stressors of life you tend
to forget about dieting, and you want to go back
to your comfort foods. $1 pie, and you can get two pies
at the cost of a fancy lettuce. When you weigh up those options
to someone who’s on a budget who doesn’t have much money,
and has a lot of people to feed, which would be the cheaper of the two? It’s hard to break free of the cycle
when it becomes a normality. They explain to you to drink water
to help you feel full, but an hour later Maori boys are hungry. So you get a bite to eat, a quick burger,
that will last a good hour or so. (Narrator) Diabetes does tend
to run in families but that might not be entirely genetics. The biggest factor is families
all have similar diets and lifestyles. (Brian) My dad died of renal failure, his younger brother also had diabetes. My mum has diabetes, and my youngest
sister is also a Type Two Diabetic. I like my steak blood-red just about
running around a paddock. They’ve put a massive BBQ on,
and lots of salads. Normally I can’t see the salad because
I have really bad eyesight, so I will probably just
eat meat and bread. I think a lot about my own kids
and I hope they are bright enough… because I have made a big stuff
up of it, that they don’t do. He has always cared about
everyone else before himself. My kids don’t drink fizzies, I limit
their lollies, and sugar intakes. I say, “Do you want to
end up like Granddad?” “Do you want to end
up with no teeth?” I’ve put my kids through
so much this year. I was in ICU for ten days. It was the biggest shock of my life. I never thought I would end up
in somewhere like there. I nearly “went” a couple of
times when I was in there. I had to have three operations
while I was in there. I was sedated heavily. And on an artificial ventilator. When I came too, all my children,
and my family, my brothers, my sisters, my mum, were all
around my bed. My daughter in laws, they
were all there. You don’t realize how much love
can fit in one room, until you see it in their faces. I had tubes down my throat
and I couldn’t talk. But I could see their love
and I could feel it. I tried to tell them that I was sorry
for making them all worry. (Narrator) The diabetes epidemic
should be avoidable. But we are surrounded by food
that makes us fat. We need action on a population level, but individuals can make changes
to their own diet. Nutritionist Caryn Zinn,
is on a mission to show that healthy eating
can be affordable. I believe you have been
to the doctor today? Yes. I am boarder line and haven’t
yet been diagnosed. What sort of foods do
you normally eat? We eat a lot of packaged
and processed foods. Noodles. We try not to but when you’re
working with a budget, we are limited on the options. Ok, carbohydrates, eating lots
of breads, lots of cereals, lots of cereals, and lots of muesli bars
actually make you hungry. If we eat a diet that is very
high in carbohydrate, your blood sugar will need
to control that, and your hormone insulin
will be secreted to help control your blood sugar. So instead of getting highs and lows, like we do throughout the day
with lots of carbohydrate, the way forward is reducing the amount
of carbohydrate that you eat and improving the quality
of carbohydrate. Eating carbs from whole
unprocessed foods, vegetables, fruit, milk, and yoghurt,
and legumes, like lentils and chickpeas, which
are a cheaper source of protein. Those carbohydrates are good
quality carbohydrates. Eating whole unprocessed foods
is how we should all eat. But it will be particularly
beneficial for you because it will keep you
insulin levels down, which is what you want
for your diabetes. We are going to attempt
to make homemade burgers, with garlic in it and mix it
together with the mince. One of the more difficult things
about diagnosing diabetes is that you can go to the doctor and have your blood sugar measured, and the blood sugar could be normal. But your hormone insulin could be
raised throughout the day. So while your blood sugar is really
important to look at for diagnosis, it’s your insulin which is
just as important, but the doesn’t happen at the
moment with diagnosis. So that’s another reason that you
keep your insulin levels down. One of the simplest message is to
have a full fridge and an empty pantry, because it means you have lots of
fresh ingredients in your fridge. You can lots of frozen
vegetables in your freezer. And apart from having spices
and that in your pantry, if it’s empty it means there’s not
a lot of packaged stuff in there. (Ropata) So, that’s a good thing? Yeah, that’s a good thing definitely. This way of eating is not about
eating a lot of meat or protein. Do you know what happens to protein
if you eat too much of it? (Ropata) Does it go in with
your stored fat? Interestingly, it gets turned into sugar. (Ropata) To be honest, I would normally have two patties on one burger. And how many burgers? (Ropata) Two and a half. That’s a lot of protein. (Ropata) When you’re
brought up starving… you want to eat as much as you can. See these all look like little cups
and what you can do is put in… some red onion, tomato, a bit
of beetroot and then mayonnaise. So, you can then cover
it with the other side. And here’s your burger! (Ropata) (Laughs) thank you so much. Mmm, it’s actually better
than a McDonald’s one. (Caryn) Oh that’s good to hear. (Ropata) I’ve learnt that healthy
food can taste nice and that it’s very easy to cook. People eat poor quality food
because it’s there. If it wasn’t there they
would not be eating it. In my older days of being a dietician, I would look at people who were
overweight and think it was their fault, and think they were lazy, undisciplined,
and had poor food choices. Now I believe quite differently about it. I think the environment is
setting us up to fail. And also the physiology
is driving as to eat. Sugar is addictive. So when you eat a lot of sugar,
and a lot of fast-food, that drives to you eat more. So, it’s not the fault of the individual, it’s the fault of what’s happening
to the physiology, as a result of eating this
poor quality food, which is cheap and everywhere. (Bassy music) (Narrator) For 16 hours a week, Brian is connected to a dialysis machine. He’s been doing this for five years. When I am on the machine,
you get really cold as the blood leaves your body,
your core temperature drops. I am in a lot of pain at the moment
because of my feet. If my feet weren’t such a problem,
I would be a lot more relaxed. This has become a part of my life now. It’s weird thinking your life depends
on this machine and how well it keeps you
clean of all the toxins. This is me, this is my real
system right there. We have three shifts, morning,
afternoon, and evening shift. Life length on dialysis
is four to five years. But the evidence of our patients
is five to ten years. I believe this indicates
of our better service. It’s causing a massive impact
on our economy in terms of the healthcare costs
and loss of productivity. And it’s been very hard to
find a figure on that but it’s in the order of
three hundred million in direct costs to the public
healthcare system. It’s going to be a long term trend and I think we’re going to see the
number of people with diabetes, coming through the hospital
doors only increasing. (Narrator) The results are back from Ropata’s blood glucose test. I’ve come in for my test results, and if the worst comes to
worst with diabetes, I know that I am on the right track, that I have started my journey
to healthy living. (Doctor) I’ve looked at your results
and the good news is that you don’t have any diabetes
at this stage. But I did see some changes
in the liver test. (Narrator) Ropata has fatty liver, which can be caused by
insulin resistance. And is often associated with
Type Two Diabetes. Fat in the liver and pancreas
can be far more dangerous than more visible fat. About 20% of people with Type Two
Diabetes are not overweight. (Ropata) Choice. People may well be what we call thin
on the outside and fat on the inside. That means they appear relatively slim for their actual body fat in
their key organs. What happens is you put on weight,
particularly abdominal weight, weight around your gut, visceral fat, then this tips over and starts to fill up
the liver and the pancreas. And when these two organs
stop “talking to each other” that’s when you have serious
problems with insulin levels and therefore you tip over
into Type Two Diabetes. But there is a long build up to it,
many years during which maybe you haven’t been as active
as you once were, eating badly, You get the development of something
called insulin resistance. And all of these things contribute. But in the end it is about central obesity. (Ropata) I’ve come to realise now I’m
in the driver’s seat of my own life, and that I have control on the outcome, which as given me an incentive to
start regular exercise and start dieting. Although I look a bit flabby in the mirror, I can see the full potential
that my body could have. Exercise actually is important, because it’s not just the effect
of exercise on weight, but it’s the effect of exercise on the whole glucoses metabolism and being able to get rid of
glucose out of the bloodstream. I go agree that the dominant driver
of this increase of weight and obesity that we are seeing in almost all countries
is due to increase in energy intake rather than reductions in
physical activity. (Narrator) Brian has already
had his toe removed, but that hasn’t stopped
the infection in his leg. Now doctors want to cut
his right foot off. (Brian) The leg didn’t look nice,
the foot was all mangy looking. The doctor took one look at it
and wanted to chop it, take the whole leg. And I was ready
to run if they did that. So, Doctor Bevan said, “It’s going
to be along run Brian, but we will try our best.” So,
I was happy for the long run. It’s just a necessary thing of diabetes that your circulation is going to be poor. Because the circulation is poor
the healing factor is poor. And then you may lose a toe,
two toes, four toes, half a foot, and then eventually a foot. They say that once the surgeons
begin to chop it’s pretty hard for them
to stop after that. We are not even beginning
to see the beginnings, and also we’re not going to see the
end of this particular disaster. Predictions in New Zealand are doubling
of diabetes within the next twenty years. Already doubled in the last ten years. In the UK, rates of pre-diabetes
have tripled in the last eight years. Up from 11% to 36%. This is only the crest of the wave, and when I say crest of the wave,
it’s the crest of a tsunami. At the bottom of the crest of the tsunami. I think Governments are finally
going to be forced to act because it’s going to bankrupt the
health services all around the world. In our next program, Christina
has dealt with Type Two Diabetes for more than a decade. People get quite judgemental
and when you’re eating at a function or somewhere,
then someone says, “Should you be eating that?” I get really annoyed. I don’t want to be too skinny,
because I will look too sick. And Brian faces further amputations. Desperately trying to keep
it under control and trying to hang on to these
little tiny limbs I have left. I’m not on the winning side
of that battle I’m afraid.

39 thoughts on “Diabetes Epidemic: Part 1

  1. im sorry but what about type 1 diabetes thats not preventable why have a story dedicatated to type2 and not type 1

  2. https://www.gofundme.com/diabetes-supplies-help I have diabetes. My sugars run very high no matter what I do. My insurance won't pay for some of the supplies and the financial burden is crippling. I am trying to raise $350 to pay for some supplies…. Please help or share if you are able. Thank You

  3. Dude…you live on a lush, tropical island but you lack veggies? In Idaho, we have about three months to grow food, it's a desert, and the soil sucks, yet we can get seeds for cheap and grow a good deal of food on a very small bit of land. When I lived in Hawaii, did I pay 7$ for a mango from Mexico or did I walk a few blocks to pick one off of a landscape tree? Did I buy papaya at Walmart or pick them off the shade trees in the parking lot? Had I owned any land, I would have planted it, but even if not, there are parks and all kinds of random places to guerilla garden. It's not that difficult when you have all the warmth, sunshine, rain, and red dirt you could imagine surrounding you.

  4. is it very serious illness you need to 💉 your self and you need to be careful watt you eat when you eat the bad stuff and drink the bad stuff then you will have high risk of the illness they should have tested for it early then you will have a better life if you don’t get tested then you will not have a good life and you might die from it and if you have it in the family history then you will have a higher risk that you will have the illness

  5. So nobody has picked up on the fact that the son Joseph talking about his fathers diabetes plays the youngest son in the NZ movie 'once were warriors' and his father Brian plays Jake's friend in once were warriors!

  6. Hey….to any one who reads this and is concerned about being diabetic or who is diabetic…..STOOOOOOP EATING! Other than fruit and vegetables and water…for 1 year!!! It'll disappear if u have it or…u wont get it.

  7. Settler food makes us sick. We have the same problem in Canada, we can't keep eating that shit that our bodies don't know how to process. A return to a traditional diet should be our #1 priority.


  9. These people said they are aware of diabetes and it’s devastating effects, yet they still choose wrong. And maybe you shouldn’t be having 7 children out of wedlock if you can’t afford them. Poor decisions all around.

  10. A change of lifestyle helped me.Change to a more plant based diet, remove as much processed food as you can and start walking.
    Good luck.

  11. Coca cola is # 1 root cause.. And followed by fatty food.. I wonder if there is diabetes epidemic in africa..

  12. the doctor does not know what she is talking about. too much protien will NOT raise glucose levels! ( ketotic.org) Too much protien can cause stress on the kidneys

  13. Sugar is a drug that millions of people are addicted to. It's sinister because everybody looks at it as nothing, but we consume it so much that our bodies decay day to day, year to year, decade to decade, until it's too late. The worse is soda and fruit drinks. People need help, but the governments not gonna help because there's billions of dollar that come through the sugar industry.

  14. I am 100% insulin resistant. If I am lucky I eat one meal a day because when this genetic disorder hit me it took my appetite right with the angels flew right out of my stomach! I do not eat too much of anything I'm vegan and if I'm going to eat a large meal it's going to be mostly Whole Foods. I voice type so that came up like the store but I mean the other. I have full body nerve damage and the pain that goes with it but not from diabetes. That comes from years and years of not knowing I was seriously B12 deficient and not because I was vegan because I wasn't vegan then. It's because of intrinsic factor. I had a toe amputated my large toe on my left foot but that was because I tripped on a coffee table and the knuckle exploded had nothing to do with my state of health I'm in pretty good health considering this genetic disorder and what it brings with it!

  15. I have been able to normalize my blood sugar being vegan and that's what feels best to me other people can use different ways of eating I feel best when I'm vegan. My hemoglobin A1c went from 12.5 to 5.1. And his remained in that area between 5.1 and 6.2 my blood sugars are usually very good and when they're not I can't explain it. Because I may not have had my oats and my dinner that day but it's high the next morning fasting. I have many other health problems that have nothing to do with this but if any doctor happens to see this I need to know what's going on because my doctors in Boston have not told me and I am in the New England Journal of Medicine repeatedly my hair skin nails fat cells are in labs around the world they are growing my skin by the yard they have at least found out which Gene it's on the problem but it's been 30 years since I've spoken to them and they ruined my life for 13 years with their research on me. The lead doctor on my team was dr. Jeffrey flyer who is now the dean of Harvard Medical School! Who won't speak to me.

  16. Being poor is no excuse for eating so badly that you have diabetes and you won't be there for your children periods skip the fancy lettuce and buy the dollar lettuce! I have been where you live and there are open air markets just full of vegetables for a cheap price and fruits screaming to be purchased and you go to the Burger Shop well I hate to say it but people who do that deserve what they get! I am working so hard to stay alive and I'm sick of idiots that don't care ever!

  17. If poor quality food isn't there they will make it at home! I eat no processed sugar very little bread or complex carbohydrates even except for beans and lentils. If you look in my pantry you will find a 12 lb bag of pinto beans you will find Black Eyed Peas you will find. Split chickpeas gram flour which is made from chickpeas. I have a 10 lb bag of beluga lentils black lentils I have red lentils I have canned diced tomatoes and plain tomato sauce I have coconut milk for making a chickpea Curry. I have fresh fruits and vegetables in the freezer and in the fridge. Maybe I need to go to Samoa and teach a vegan class with awesome food like my eggplant Parmesan or my zucchini parmesan or my chili I also have a 10 lb bag of textured vegetable protein and when I make chili I put in a handful of that and a cup of barley because barley chews like beef.

  18. Its about time they did a health doc on NZ they could make several documentaries on south auckland alone. I dunno if maori and poly are uneducated but their perception on food is all backwards, its like the more your eat the more acceptable it is.

  19. I discussed “Vαnοjο Fivu” to Type 2 diabetes sufferers. One has been able to treat his diabetes as well as attained a 5.9 HA1c. The other gentleman has significantly enhanced, his standard fasting blood sugar is 110mg/dL and also he is out of complication from heart trauma, from sacrificing his arms, legs, eye impairment or neuropathy..

  20. Stay away from Sugar water (coke and Minute Maid orange juice). Most drinks are full of sugar and other garbage toxic stuff they put to have you hooked. Foods are full of crap which are condensed full of calories. Stay away from canned foods and GMOs. Make your diet full of fruits and vegetables. Eat super foods like all berries mixed up w/ watermelon or fruit of your choice. Stay away from corn and wheat unless imported from Asian countries like in South Asia. Eat 70% to your capacity and walk for 20-30 mins after dinner. Remember one thing that food these days are full of bullshit and very very rich in calories. Dont go by bullshit they put on nutrient labels. That is all garbage and to fool customers. Stress hormones induces the synthesis of cortisol which will trigger other hormones to synthesize sugar, but it cant ever reach to the level like hyperglycemic food these days. Always eat slow and only 70% to your full hunger.

  21. Probably better to speak to the patients about what they eat and drink rather than beat around the bush! Too many people are in denial about their unhealthy diets and lifestyles!

  22. I discovered “Vαnοjο Fivu” (Google it) from my buddy and read it to lose weight and cure my diabetes. This guide the best workout as well as diet program to go by. I had been able to reduce Thirty five points from my blood glucose levels after a day on the diet routine. After 4 days, I lost Sixty points from my blood glucose levels. It`s been efficient for me. I am very pleased which I managed to normalize my blood sugar..

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