Bariatric Surgery | A review of procedures and techniques involved in the weight-loss surgery

Bariatric Surgery | A review of procedures and techniques involved in the weight-loss surgery


Click Subscribe and bell icon to get regular notifications What is bariatric surgery? What is bariatric surgery? An effective surgical way to combat morbid obesity, when diet and exercise have not helped. Especially is one has any genetic or other underlying diseases. Do you know Around 30 million Indians are obese. What is morbid obesity? Morbid obesity is a condition where the body mass index (BMI) is: More than 35 kg/m^2 with lifestyle diseases or more than 40 kg/m^2 What does your BMI indicate? BMI is an index of body fat based on your height and weight. You are diagnosed as: Normal weight Overweight Obesity Serious obesity Morbid obesity Health issues due to morbid obesity Heart diseases, diabetes, stroke, bone/joint diseases Bariatric surgery! What is that? A surgical procedure for weight loss achieved by: Limited food intake and hormonal changes Types of bariatric surgery Gastric banding: A silicone band is placed around the stomach Gastric bypass: Upper stomach is separated and connected directly to the small intestine. Gastric sleeve resection: Around 80% of the stomach is removed. Duodenal switch: The stretchable portion of the stomach is removed A cut is made at the duodenum and reconnected to the farther end of the intestine to form a bypass. The food limb (red) and digestive juices limb (green) are merged to form a short common channel A short common channel means lesser digestion and absorption of food. Who needs bariatric surgery? Yes, if you have: morbid obesity that is unresponsive to diet and exercise. Upon thorough examination, your doctor will decide if bariatric surgery is right for you. Advantages of bariatric surgery Effective and rapid weight loss Improves quality of life Improves self-esteem Reduces the risk of obesity complications like blood pressure and sleep apnea. Any complications? You may experience Acid reflux, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite. Don’t worry, These are temporary. Diet after bariatric surgery Phase 1: Clear liquid diet – week 1 Phase 2A: Full liquid diet – begin using protein supplements Phase 2B: pureed diet Phase 3: adaptive/soft diet Phase 4 (lifelong): stabilization diet [Music]

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